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What is FEATURE FILM? What does FEATURE FILM mean? FEATURE FILM meaning – FEATURE FILM definition – FEATURE FILM explanation.
Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license.
A feature film is a film (also called a movie, motion picture or just film) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program. The notion of how long this should be has varied according to time and place. According to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the American Film Institute, and the British Film Institute, a feature film runs for 40 minutes or longer, while the Screen Actors Guild states that it is 80 minutes or longer.
The majority of feature films are between 70 and 210 minutes long. The Story of the Kelly Gang (1906, Australia) was the first dramatic feature film released (running at approximately 60 minutes). An earlier The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight (1897, U.S.) is considered by some as the first documentary feature film (running time is 100 minutes), however it is more accurately characterized as a sports program as it included the full unedited boxing match. The first feature-length adaptation was Les Misérables (1909, U.S.). Other early feature films include The Inferno (L’Inferno) (1911), Quo Vadis? (1913), Oliver Twist (1912), Richard III (1912), From the Manger to the Cross (1912), and Cleopatra (1912).
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the American Film Institute, and the British Film Institute all define a feature as a film with a running time of 2400 seconds (i.e. 40 minutes) or longer. The Centre National de la Cinématographie in France defines it as a 35 mm film longer than 1,600 metres (5,200 ft), which is exactly 58 minutes and 29 seconds for sound films, and the Screen Actors Guild gives a minimum running time of at least 80 minutes.
As time went on there were many technical advancements made in film. The first feature length film with sound was The Jazz Singer, released by Warner Bros in 1927. A new recording technology called Vitaphone, which was developed by Warner Bros., was used to capture the sound for the film. Before The Jazz Singer, many movie studios were reluctant to go through the expensive process of adding microphones to their sets. However, after seeing how successful the film was, other studios were scrambling to start producing their own Talkies.
One of the next major advancements made in movie production was color film. Even before color was a possibility in movies, early film makers were interested in how color could enhance their stories. Early techniques included hand tinting in which each individual frame had to be painted by hand. Another more widely used development was toning, which involved dying the film in a signal color. Because it was faster and cheaper than hand tinting, toning was very popular and is seen in a large number of films in the 1920s. It was the Film processing lab Technicolor that developed the Three-Tone coloring technique that became the standard for color film. It was a complex, time consuming, and expensive process that many movie studios were not eager to try. One of the early adopters of the three strip process was Disney. Some of the most notable films Technicolor processed with three strip were The Wizard of Oz and Gone with the Wind.
Digital Video (or DV) is a technology that has had a major impact on how films are made in a relatively short period of time. The new digital technology was first being used to create special effects and animated movies, by the late 1990’s digital cameras were becoming more and more common on film sets. In 2002, George Lucas’ Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones was the first major feature length film to be shot entirely on digital cameras. With the ability to instantly playback footage and the easy transfer of footage to computers for editing, digital cinema helped to speed up post production time. Digital film making was given a big boost in 2005 when the Digital Cinema Initiative created a guide for manufacturers to create a universal standard, to make the technologies more compatible with each other and more user friendly. shooting movies on digital also lead to new technologies for distributing films. Titan A.E., released in 2000, was the first feature film to be released for viewing over the internet. Digital distribution changed the ways people received and watched media, it also gave viewers access to huge amounts of online content on demand.